Most computer repair jobs will be part or full module replacement, for example, the tools needed in order to replace the CPU, RAM, PSU, Hard Drive, and motherboard. For all tasks mentioned above, a Philips and flathead screwdriver is enough to have on hand for repairs. If you are planning to replace the capacitors on a desktop motherboard and the DC Jacks on a laptop, then a soldering iron is all that you will need.
A basic multimeter will also be needed if any soldering work is necessary in order to separate and recognize wires, voltages, measure power adaptor voltage, and to measure voltages on the motherboard.
For the vast majority of work required, a tool set that is similar to what electricians use is necessary. The more advanced the computer technician, the more tools they would have such as a soldering iron and a multimeter, as well as an oscilloscope.
Nothing is complete without the right software tools. In my collection of tools, I have Hiren’s Boot CD that I use for data transfer.
Actually, we use SATA interface to transfer files for speed. We also have all the operating system installation DVDs. We use USB sticks, but only for new installations on desktop and laptop computers. To use USB sticks with laptop and desktop computers that come with operating systems from customers is too risky because of virus infections. Located on my USB stick, I always have DRPSU, a Driver Easy installation file, an Open office setup file, the Avast setup file, and also the Avira setup file.
The right computer repair kit is not complete without all the hardware parts necessary. All types of RAM, a few SATA and ATA laptop and desktop hard drives, a universal power adaptor, and a power supply.
When dealing with soldering, it is good to have a few heat shrink tubes, electric isolation, and wires of a variety of different sizes. It is also advised to have a several DC Jacks, a thermal glue gun, thermal glue sticks mini, and a box of screws and nuts.
If you decided to go into the computer repair business seriously, then a good van would be necessary in order to carry spare screens, soldering equipment, and other equipment to do the jobs required in the field. Usually, you can buy a separate screw driver kit, but cheap ones also will do the job. I do not recommend buying a cheap soldering kit as it will most likely not work correctly for the temperature or quality of tip, but, it is a fact that cheap multimeters are able to do a good enough job.
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